Urban Areas

Cities and Counties of the Bluegrass & Nashville Basin

The population of both the Bluegrass and Nashville Basin grew rapidly after settlement in the late 1700s. Today, both regions have large urban populations, and development has destroyed many woodland pastures. In the last 60 years, Fayette County has lost more than 60% of its bur oaks.

The Bluegrass

The Bluegrass consists of counties and cities in central Kentucky, southwestern Indiana and southern Ohio. Today, the Bluegrass includes the two largest cities in Kentucky, Louisville (population 760,000) and Lexington (311,000), and the southern suburbs of Cincinnati, with a Kentucky population of about 834,000. The Bluegrass extends into southern Ohio, including the southern half of Cincinnati. Both Lexington and Louisville have integrated city-county governments. Lexington includes all of Fayette County and Louisville includes all of Jefferson County. This has allowed both cities to implement strict land use regulations to preserve remaining farmland and woodland pastures.

The Inner Bluegrass includes most of the large remaining woodland pastures in the region. Woodford County is the only county entirely within the Inner Bluegrass and probably contains the most extensive woodland pastures.  Fayette County is the most developed county in the Inner Bluegrass and most of its woodland pastures have disappeared.  There are still extensive woodland pastures and many venerable trees in the other Inner Bluegrass counties, Scott, Bourbon, Mercer, Boyle, and Clark.

Map of Bluegrass cities
Bluegrass Cities in red. 1 – Louisville, 2- Lexington, 3- Northern Kentucky cities
Bluegrass Counties
Bluegrass Counties

The Nashville Basin

The Nashville Basin includes counties and cities in central Tennessee, southern Kentucky, and one county in Alabama. Nashville is the largest city in the region and the second largest in Tennessee.

Nashville Cities
Urban Areas of the Nashville Basin. 4 – Nashville
Nashville Counties
Counties of the Nashville Basin
City County Ecoregion
Alexandria Campbell Outer bluegrass
Augusta Bracken Hills of the Bluegrass
Bardstown Nelson Outer bluegrass
Bellevue Campbell Outer bluegrass
Berea Madison Outer bluegrass
Carlisle Nicholas Hills of the Bluegrass
Carrollton Carroll Outer bluegrass
Covington Kenton Outer Bluegrass
Crescent Springs Kenton Outer bluegrass
Cynthiana Harrison Outer bluegrass
Danville Boyle Inner Bluegrass
Dayton Campbell Outer bluegrass
Edgewood Kenton Outer bluegrass
Elsmere Kenton Outer bluegrass
Eminence Henry Outer bluegrass
Erlanger Kenton Outer bluegrass
Falmouth Pendleton Hills of the Bluegrass
Flemingsburg Fleming Outer bluegrass
Florence Boone Outer bluegrass
Florence Boone Outer bluegrass
Fort Mitchell Kenton Outer bluegrass
Fort Thomas Campbell Outer bluegrass
Fort Wright Kenton Outer bluegrass
Frankfort Franklin Inner Bluegrass
Georgetown Scott Inner Bluegrass
Harrodsburg Mercer Inner Bluegrass
Highland Heights Campbell Outer bluegrass
Hillview Bullitt Outer bluegrass
Lagrange Oldham Outer bluegrass
Lawrenceburg Anderson Inner Bluegrass
Lebanon Marion Outer bluegrass
Lexington Fayette Inner Bluegrass
Louisville Jefferson Outer Bluegrass
Ludlow Kenton Outer bluegrass
Maysville Mason Outer bluegrass
Mount Sterling Montgomery Outer bluegrass
Mount Washington Bullitt Outer bluegrass
Newport Campbell Outer Bluegrass
Nicholasville Jessamine Inner Bluegrass
Owingsville Bath Outer bluegrass
Paris Bourbon Inner Bluegrass
Park Hills Kenton Outer bluegrass
Pioneer Village Bullitt Outer bluegrass
Prospect Oldham Outer bluegrass
Richmond Madison Outer bluegrass
Shelbyville Shelby Outer bluegrass
Shepherdsville Bullitt Inner Bluegrass
Southgate Campbell Outer bluegrass
Springfield Washington Outer bluegrass
Stanford Lincoln Outer bluegrass
Stanton Powell Outer bluegrass
Taylor Mill Kenton Outer bluegrass
Versailles Woodford Inner Bluegrass
Villa Hills Kenton Outer bluegrass
Wilmore Jessamine Inner Bluegrass
Winchester Clark Inner Bluegrass